Thanks Josh. I will see what I can get out of that. Going to Virginia's Secretary of the Commonwealth site doesn't seem to have much info, so will see what else I can do... not exactly sure about the whole S-Corp thing, it was just on my list of weekly duties to find out about... I prob. would understand more if I hadn't been half asleep.
(Katie told me there was a good question on here, so this is one of those rare occasions where the "other half" of "JKlatsky" is posting.)
You are really looking at two questions rolled into one - a state law issue and a federal law issue.
The state level is where you actually get your corporate structure (such as a corporation, LLC, partnership, etc.) - a business entity.
In order to get that structure you go through state websites and bodies. A quick google search found this helpful guide from the Virginia Department of Business Assistance: Virginia Department of Business Assistance.
The state is what gives you the "Inc." or other suffix you may be after.
Now, once you have decided on an entity at the state level, you also need to have an idea of its tax treatment, meaning we are looking to the federal level. Some of these entities can be taxed multiple ways (for example, an LLC can be have four types of tax treatment for a for-profit company).
Just because you form a state non-profit entity, you have the federal side of things to look at if you want federal tax advantages - that means you are looking at "Charitable Organizations."
Section 501(c)(3) is what most people think of when they consider a charitable organization, but if you are going for that you must be clear on the rules and requirements, as well as successfully complete a form 1023.
Your research may yield the results that a 501(c)(7) may be more appropriate for a schutzhund club - that means you won't have your dues tax deductible, but you may see some other benefits. A 501(c)(7) files a form 1024.
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We are looking at doing Non-Profit so we can do donations more easily, and I know there were some other things discussed. I am going to read through your links right now, and gather as much usable info as possible. I will keep you guys posted, and I appreciate everything, seriously!
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