By realizing it's not 'defiance' at all.
Instead it's the normal independence that a great pup should be showing!
It's why the vast majority of the smartest of us on this forum also get into dog classes with our pups at this age! :wild: :wub: :wub: :wild:
Dog classes work on exactly this to teach US how to teach our pup in the most appropriate and best manner.
In the meantime, working on our relationship with our pups is a huge help. So we may not have to just use food (though that's a good method) but also toys and our great bond to get our dog to want to come back.
Big deal is to teach that 'come' means come and then BE FREE! So we call our pup to us, get them near for a party, then they can run off and BE FREE again! If we call them and they come and we mostly corral them to return to the boring house all the time, they will (at least the smart ones ) will stop coming cause it means the fun ends!
You been doing alot of this kind of training ? click this ---->