Just compiling some training notes into a big thread as a read them from the book. It's been nice refreshing myself every once in a while & could be of use to some new members (More to come):
NOTE: The book is "Purely Positive Training" but I DO USE CORRECTIONS but I still think it has good advice for all.
The 10 Commandments:
1. Be Proactive
You must be proactive instead of reactive.
“Good trainers fix problems. Great trainers never get to the problems.”
The 1st thing about being proactive is to prevent unwanted behavior from happening in the first place.
When you allow your dog to rehearse unwanted behavior over & over puts you in the position of having to fix the problem.
Example: If you know your puppy is going to jump up on someone, then we want to get in there BEFORE the puppy has a chance to jump.
We want to do 3 things with unwanted behavior:
Or teach the puppy another behavior that he can’t do at the same time as the unwanted behavior!
To be proactive, teach the puppy a positive way to greet people, BEFORE he jumps on them.
You must get in there & teach the puppy the positive behavior, so we don’t have to deal with the negative behavior.
Doing this, means we NEVER get to the problem! This means the puppy will never learn the problem behavior!
2. Keep Them Trying
Working hard comes naturally to dogs.
Sometimes we must reward the dog’s effort, even if it’s wrong.
Rewarding your dogs effort keeps him trying & accelerates learning.
So if your dog gets frustrated or confused, sometimes we let the dog know that he’s doing fine & that you still support him.
Reward your dog’s effort. Keep your dog trying & eventually he’ll get it right.
Even if the dog does something wrong, we urge him to try again.
We don’t just want a dog to behave a certain way, but we also want your dog to want to learn how to behave. And we want your dog to enjoy doing the behavior.
You do this by positively reinforcing all the dog’s behavior that we want/like.
This means we positively reinforce even the beginnings of a particular behavior - any step in the right direction.
3. Forgive Forgetting
You need to always remember that ‘forgetting’ is part of learning.
When you are teaching your dog a new task, ‘forgetting’ is just part of the process.
In dog training, mistakes are simply learning opportunities.
Be there to help your dog - encourage him & coach him. Remember, you both are on the same team.
4. Follow The ABCs (***IMPORTANT***)
Learning follows a specific pattern known as A-B-C.
A = Antecedent
B = Behavior
C = Consequence
Any change or missteps in the A-B-C order will inhibit, or prevent learning.
Antecedent: this means the “cue”, which is the signal that tells the dog which behavior you want.
Example: Pick up & jangle your car keys & watch your dog’s reaction.
Example: Bang some pots & pans together & watch your dog’s response.
You must apply reliable cues to the behaviors you want to teach your dog.
The important rule here is that ‘Consequence’ drives your dog’s behavior.
What happens as a ‘Consequence’ determines whether your dog continues or repeats that Behavior.
Providing the right ‘Consequence’ can improve the frequency, intensity or duration of any behavior.
Once your dog grasps the concept of using his behavior to get what he wants, you can teach him to do just about anything he can master physically.
Once your dog understands the rules, he learns faster & faster, & adds new behaviors more quickly. The more he learns, the more he wants to learn, & thus the easier the dog is to teach.
5. Use Approximations
When we use the ABCs to shape behavior, we teach through approximations. That’s the scientific word for steps.
Training Through Approximation: this means that we start at the beginning, with the very first step.
We get your dog to make the first attempt at the ultimate/final behavior we want.
We reinforce that, & then the next step, & so on, right up the ladder of approximations.
normally , the very 1st approximation to teach your dog is “topography”, this means the physical aspect of the behavior you want your dog to learn. It can also be thought of as “technique”.
So the 1st step up the approximation ladder is to get the dog to do what we want physically. The dog often does this BEFORE he even really understands what he’s doing, & before the dog recognizes the cue.
A good way to measure your dog’s learning is by measuring his improvement in topography.
You can improve your dog’s topography or technique through repetition.
As your dog repeats a specific behavior, his performance gets “simpler, smoother, more efficient, & less variable.”
Improving your dog’s topography or technique takes practice to master the technique of this new behavior.
We always need to work with the dog at his level to be a fair teacher - to recognize his abilities without making excuses.
Once the dog has grasped the concept of the behavior we want, & he is developing technique, then we start to climb the ladder of approximations. To do this, we raise criteria & raise rewards.
This means we ask the dog to perform the behavior a little faster, or more intensely, or more completely. And when the dog does it, we give him something he really likes.
If we run into any stumbling blocks along the training path, wew back up a step or two & get the foundation right before moving on.
The foundation steps must be built on something really solid or the entire structure is going to collapse.
Build on each of your dog’s successes & keep the dog trying.
If you & your dog encounter an issue or a problem, stop digging, make sure you go back & get the previous step right. Then, next time, make sure you set your dog up for success.
It is ALWAYS our fault if the dog is making a mistake in something we trained - or think we trained.
6. Shift Context Early
Shifting context basically means to change part of the training picture, like the location.
As soon as your dog starts to understand what you want, you then begin to change 3 things:
1. First, you put a little more emphasis on your dog understanding the cue for the specific behavior. You need to make the cue clearer as you slowly move away from other lures or prompts.
2. Second, you need to shift context. Something as simple as changing location helps the dog to clarify the cue & generalize his learning.
3. Third, we begin to vary the schedule of reinforcement.
7. Premack It
The premack principle stands for access to desired behavior.
This simply means that the dog learns to perform a certain behavior, one that you want him to do, to gain access to what he wants to do.
You want your dog to learn that all heaven & good things come through you.
Example: Say your dog wants to go outside in the yard. You have already taught him to sit. You put your hand on the doorknob & give him the cue. As soon as the dog sits, you open the door. This means you have just used the Premack Principle.
Your dog gets to do what he wanted as soon as he does what you want.
The Premack Principle is a powerful tool for training.
8. Let Them Learn
Once the dog grasps the concept that he can get what he wants through exhibiting the desired behavior, we know he’s going to try - & keep on trying.
It is our responsibility to help the dog & direct him the right way so he can learn.
All we can do is help the dog learn.
You are your dog’s coach. We set the dog up for success, & then we wait. Waiting is surely one of the most difficult parts of the training program.
We’re teaching a dog - a curious, intelligent critter - our best friend, who’s trying his best to get it right.
9. Do No Damage (***I use corrections & do NOT follow positive only***)
If you or your dog makes a mistake, there is no damage done.
“To err is human - to forgive is canine.”
10. Keep It Fun
Training your dog should be fun.
Dogs offer us their complete loyalty, & we need to acknowledge & respect that gift.
Training with your dog should improve communication, intensify the bond & enhance our relationship.
Rollo: Viking & 1st ruler of Normandy | D.O.B. | 11-27-2017
Chuck (me): |23 Years Old|
Last edited by Chuck94!; 03-07-2019 at 05:01 PM.