In the 'olden' days, the only way we knew how to train was to set our dogs up to FAIL, because only then could we 'correct' them to show them that was 'wrong'.
So our dogs learned by being wrong wrong wrong wrong wrong, correction correction correction correction, and eventually would figure out what to do that would STOP getting them yanked/cranked and corrected.
So the entire basis of that training was our dogs had to be 'wrong' so we could show them that was bad with the correction.
The newer type of training is much harder FOR THE HANDLER. Because instead of easily having a 'bad' dog we correct correct correct, we had to instead use our brains to figure out how we can CATCH our dogs being 'right' then SHOW them that was 'right' by an instant reward. So we reward the 'right' instead of correcting the wrong.
This makes our dogs have to THINK also and be a part of the training because they start to want to figure out HOW to get the rewards. The are excited and wanting to engage and be with us.
Rather than the 'old' training where the dogs are just desperately trying to figure out how to AVOID the pain/correction no matter what (leave the area, run home, STOP TRAINING WITH MOM/DAD?).
For trainers that refuse to learn anything new (though they sure have high expectations for their dogs to learn fast
) and know that MOST of the dogs do learn with their method cause they want to avoid the consequences, they have continued to be closed minded and not use any of the new methods THAT DO WORK. But the human needs to learn something new, NOT just the dog, and it's much harder to train us than a dog!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!!
Positive training isn't permissive training. And though some people really only use 100% positive and it may work for them, many of us use a blend and it works for us. I find I can use a clicker/treats/toys AND a prong collar and my dog comes thru it well in the end!