Re: training without treats - resources?
Aloha, for me, it seems there are two activites here:
1: assigning a word for a behavior. For Rasa that comes through repetition. Once you know the dog knows the word/behavior I move to----
2: Getting the dog to obey and do the behavior. That will come with the treats, bribes, cohersion, etc. as described above. I generally do a praise and petting after a successful obedience and never a treat. I set myself up for a success when I know Rasa will obey the command, (such as "stay"), then release her by "ok" when I see she is squirming a bit. (release is very important as I think you can teach almost anything to the dog as long as they know it is not forever and a bummer). I vary the locations and lengths of commands, (so she does not associate for example "stay", with stopping and waiting when next to my car or steps or fridge, etc. I basically have done NO formal obedience sessions and have the results I want. And I am a newbie, and not anyway the professional caliber of many members on this board. And I use positive only and can count on my one hand the number of times I have had to use the word "NO".