I take my puppies to safe places, parks, hiking trails,isolated areas of parking lots, etc., places with no car traffic. I walk them off leash, they follow, that is what puppies do. When they get a little older, I duck behind a tree on occasion, watch but don't move, they come looking for you real fast and it is an easy way to teach them to check back in with you. As a rule, I don't introduce my dogs to leashes until after one year.
Walking them off leash mitigates excitement, frustration and other behaviors that are inadvertently encouraged with early leash walking.
If you need equipment to maintain control of your dog, understand you’re hanging on to your dog’s body because you’ve lost his mind!