LONG but I hope this helps to answer your concerns.
Most times the cost of the puppies has already been determined by the breeder.
So this is one of those ďit dependsĒ questions. Iíll try to list some of the things that a breeder might consider when pricing their puppies. Not in any logical sequence.
Stud Dog (whether owned by breeder or outside breeding): Blood/temperament/training/type of and level of accomplishment/titles/confirmation/ color/coat etc.
Stud fee: the owner of the stud dog will consider all of the above when setting the stud fee.
Bitch: Blood/temperament/training/type of and level of accomplishment/titles/confirmation/ color/coat etc.
Cost of pre-breeding/pre natal Ė things like vet checks, progesterone tests, diet, cost of transportation to and from breeder and vet etc.
Documentation of previous litters assuming the bitch has had a previous litter.
Costs related to whelping.
Post whelping costs: in the ten weeks prior to the puppies going to their new home (assuming all puppies are healthy and well). Diet for the mother, multiple wormings for the babies, food for the babies, shots for the babies, at least two vet checks for mom & babies. Complimentary baby food, stainless steel bowl, collars, leashes (I canít expect a person spending $2000.00 for a puppy to go out and buy their first puppy supplies).
Health guarantee, sale contract. Cost of advertising (in any).
Itís never ending!! EVERY conscientious breeder will spend far more money and TIME than they will ever get back putting quality puppies on the ground. The conscientious breeder is there to assure the betterment of the breed. Iím sure I have left out a bunch of stuff so please add to my comments where you can.
If you are considering a breeder that does not answer all of your questions & concerns, doesn't spend time with you, doesn't invite you to see the puppies and parents and do all of the things I have mentioned, turn around and RUN!
Please forgive typos or other mistakes if you find any!