You must soak the carrots first. They are dehydrated and require water to hydrate. One tablespoon of dry carrots will turn into 1/2 cup when moist. If you do not soak the carrots, they will cause gastrointestinal discomfort because the carrots will start to hydrate in the GI tract and also will not be able to digest properly. Beets can be fed dry, but I soak that as well.