Blitz - we can't use dimes here as screwdrivers - have to save as many as we can for gasoline...
But your point is well-taken. All of the aforementioned are tools
. Owner's choice which to use & what not to. In the "old days", a simple lead & collar - either leather or choke - were the main tools used. With quite a bit of success, I might add. Nowadays, we have doggie shrinks telling us to raise dogs like we do kids - the soft touch -vs- discipline. I'm not going to argue the old 'trachea injury owing to a choke collar' thing. (If & when those injuries happen, it's the handler's fault, not the collar.) 100% treat-based training may work well for a puppy. It does NOT work effectively with all Rescues.
We have a Rescue - she's 99% obed-trained - as long as there's treats. If not, she flips a digit at us.
I wasn't going to watch the video cause I knew it would tick me off. Which it did - talk show hosts have a limited amount of time & always (IMO) wind up being rude. To say to a guest, "we've never had so many complaints about an impending guest" - heck, even *I* wanted to smack him. And I'm more than tired of the pro- & anti-CM argument. Neither side holds a whole lot of water. Neither side can get beyond a simple disagreement. This host was an arse. IMO. And the punching of a biting dog? Bad, bad Cesar!
Only 1 person on this forum has been specific on how she'd handle a GSD that bit her. Everyone else skates over it. Pro-treat or anti-treat - no one has told me how to handle a biting dog. And I'll tell you what - I'll be darned if I'll offer treats to a 88-lb biting animal. I "get" Cesar puching the biting dog. I've seen a lot worse.