Thank you for your response. Having him for just 4 days, we have not had to crate him during the day yet. The crate is x-large with a divider...he has just enough room to turn around. He does go in on his own for a few moments each day. We praise him but will try a treat reward more often than just at nighttime. His schedule is also off as he cries all night and is tired during the day. Thank you so much for your reply.