We got him from a very reputable trainer. The e collar has helped a couple of times when he ran from me in the back yard and when he kept going to dig in my garden after being told no. I don't keep it on all the time and I try to keep it as low as possible. I appreciate the feedback. I am prob guilty of love too much train too little, but I am trying to be firm. When you say give him house freedom when he earns it, does that mean keeping him in his crate or on a leash with me?