The final trained response of a certified narcotic detector dog is PC for warrantless search of a motor vehicle on the highway because years ago the courts deemed that we can only hold an individual for a 'REASONABLE" length of time . Reasonablness was not really articulated other than generally, the time it takes me to have dispatch run clearances. Therefore, waiting for a k9 unit to arrive takes longer than what was considered reasonble. ALL contacts must be documented by law so our traffic stops now are on video. A cadaver dog's final trained response is considered reasonable suspicion ONLY not probable cause.
As with all things, NOTHING is 100% and as a whole,as much as we are scrutinized, it is very difficult to be incompetent for any length of time
Port Authority Police,Sgt.
KaroSkocickaSamotaZM,ZOP,ZPU,FPR,FPR,ZVV1,ZZZ,ZZP, RHE,ZM TART, IRO titled SAR dog
Certifying official all fields