It's always been hard for me to put a time on training. For me I just know when we are done...it varies. I like to leave training on a good note as well instead of ending on something we are struggling with.
Bonding....enroll in an obedience class..great for bonding. I think most of our bonding came from just including him in every day activities. We also hike a lot & explore together...my favorite time with my boy.
I'm sure others will have some good suggestions for you