I live in muggy hot SC and my dogs are in the woods a lot and my working dog spends a lot of time outside. Other than occasional diatomaceious earth, I did nothing last summer and had a good year. I will assess this coming year and dose if I find any evidence of fleas or ticks.
I do give ivermectin to prevent heartworms.
NAPWDA Certified Cadaver Dog
Waiting at the Bridge (italics
=GSDs) (hemangiosarcoma=blue):Grim , Cyra, Toby
, Rainbow, Linus, Oscar
, Arlo & Waggles